The University College London (UCL) report looked at 14,000 families in the UK and Ireland.
It said both parents had a role to play in preventing teenage depression.
The researchers encouraged more fathers to seek help for depressive symptoms by speaking to their doctor.
Dr Gemma Lewis from UCL, who led the study, said because mothers tended to spend more time with their children, there was often a tradition of "mother-blaming" when treating mental health issues in offspring.
But she said the research showed that "we should be bringing fathers into the picture more".
Dr Lewis added: "If you're a father who hasn't sought treatment for your depression, it could have an impact on your child.
"We hope that our findings could encourage men who experience depression to speak to their doctor about it." continue reading.
Originally posted on BBC Health.